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      ChEMS Department Research Forum 2019 in East Lansing


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      May 9, 2019

      Thursday   8:30 AM

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      ChEMS Department Research Forum 2019

      The 16th Annual ChEMS Research Forum will showcase departmental research advances in the areas of: Energy and Sustainability Nanotechnology and Materials Biotechnology and Biomedical Engineering The one-day program will feature invited plenary speakers, oral presentations from faculty and students, and an extended poster session describing the latest department research results. If you or your company shares an interest in chemical engineering and materials science, then this event offers a uniquely personal and informal view into the general research directions of the ChEMS department, its current research projects, and, most importantly, an opportunity to get to know the many talented graduate students that are at the heart of it all. Feedback from the 2018 Research Forum includes: "Students were very professional and capable." "Had a great time." "Great event in all respects." We hope to welcome you on May 9! Registration, lunch, and refreshments are complimentary. Keynote Speakers Linsey Seitz, Chemical & Biological Engineering, Northwestern University Alexandra Zevalkink, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Michigan State University Xanthippi Chatzistavrou, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Michigan State University Bea Braun, The Dow Chemical Company Elizabeth Sendich, US Energy Information Administration Keynote Topics Developing enhanced electrochemical catalysts using spectroscopic insightsRenewable sources, such as wind and sun, supply more than enough energy to meet the increasing global demand and are promising solutions to shift our dependence away from fossil fuels, as long as challenges with intermittency, scale, and cost-effectiveness can be overcome. While recent developments have improved capture efficiencies for these sources, effective processes to convert and store this energy are needed. Chemical storage of energy using optimized catalytic reactions can produce high energy density fuels and commodity chemicals while allowing for spatiotemporal decoupling of the energy production and consumption processes. This talk will cover some recent work pursuing fundamental understanding of such catalytic reactions towards the production of renewable fuels and chemicals as well as the vision for future activities of the new Seitz Lab at Northwestern. This work includes studies of controlled catalyst surfaces with an emphasis on determining intrinsic catalyst activity coupled with insights from advanced characterization techniques, such as x-ray absorption and x-ray emission spectroscopy, which are invaluable for investigating electronic, chemical, and geometric structure of materials. Thermoelectric energy generation: improving efficiency through crystal chemistryThermoelectric devices, which directly convert thermal energy into electrical energy, have the potential to play a significant role in our global energy infrastructure.  While thermoelectric generators are currently indispensable in space exploration and other specialized applications, further improvements in efficiency are required for them to be widely used in automotive and industrial waste heat recovery.  In this talk, I will introduce a class of thermoelectrics known as Zintl compounds, which crystallize in an astounding variety of complex structural arrangements.  Zintl compounds enable unique to strategies for achieving high thermoelectric efficiency; for example, we recently showed that the layered compound Mg3Sb2 has unexpectedly soft interlayer bonding, leading to anomalously low thermal conductivity.  In a second example, the highly anisotropic behavior of the 1D compound, Ca5Ga2Sb6, can be exploited for high electrical conductivity along its covalently bonded sub-lattice.  By exploring structurally complex Zintl phases as novel thermoelectric materials, we gain a window into the relationship between crystal structure and transport properties in complex semiconductors and open new routes to improved thermoelectric performance. Multifunctional glass-ceramic biomaterials: An effective tool for combating bacterial resistance Industry 4.0 – generating value from analyticsThe manufacturing sector is currently undergoing a transformation towards increased automation, higher connectivity within machines, assets and business, and extensive use of generated data. This poses new and exciting challenges and opportunities for technical researchers at the interface of data analytics and technology. In this space, successful and valuable applications of data analytics require an understanding of scientific fundamentals and process control impact. This talk highlights examples of data-driven modeling approaches in polyethylene manufacturing, but the concepts are universally applicable. One case study focuses on the challenges encountered in implementing and maintaining infrared based chemometric models for polyethylene property predictions on a global scale. Establishing a reliable performance monitoring system utilizing diverse data sources together with meaningful metrics is key to ensuring trustworthy product release data. Another example showcases the performance of various analytics approaches, such as principal component analysis, random forest ensemble and deep learning models, for pellet shape classification.Embracing the imminent changes from Industry 4.0 and complementing scientific skills with abilities to translate the abundance of data into valuable insight will be a key factor for success for the upcoming generation of chemical engineers. This talk aims at sharing the excitement of the chemical industry in light of new value-generating opportunities with future industry professionals. Service through chemical engineering: work at the Energy Information AdministrationResearch is the way this Chemical Engineer serves the public, providing information about a variety of topics through her work at the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). EIA collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. The Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 established EIA as the primary federal government authority on energy statistics and analysis, building upon systems and organizations first established in 1974 following the oil market disruption of 1973. Located in Washington, DC, EIA is an organization of about 370 federal employees, many of whom are chemical engineers. Through the EIA website, we offer policy makers and the public daily, monthly, quarterly, and annual energy data and analysis products. EIA has won awards for its plain language style and accessibility. Products such as the State Energy Portal, Energy Explained, or the International Energy Outlook speak directly to those wrestling with complex energy problems, and our API and Excel add-in allow everyone instant access to everything they need for sound decision making. EIA also performs special analyses at the direct request of America’s lawmakers.

      Categories: Science

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